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Waterford TaeKwon-Do
4112 Walton Blvd. Waterford MI  48329  (248)673-CHOP (2467) 

Waterford TaeKwon-Do

Building Confidence

Student Info

General Rules for Class

1.  Upon entering or leaving the Do Jang, students in Do Bock or street clothes shall acknowledge the flags by bowing.  This will be done without exception.

2.  When class begins, students will line up according to rank and seniority.  The senior ranking member will be on the instructor's left as he faces the class, and the senior ranking member will call the commands.   (a)  Turn to salute the flags.  (b) Turn to bow to the instructor.  (c) Meditation (3-5 minutes).

3.  During the class, proper respect and discipline shall be maintained at all times and the TaeKwon-Do ritual should be followed in a uniform manner.

          A.  When the Master Instructor enters the Do Jang, the instructor on the floor or the highest ranking member in the    class should call the class to attention and have the class bow.  After respect has been paid, the class should return immediately to training.

          B.  When a student comes to class late, he should wait until he is recognized by the instructor, then approach him, bow, and get permission to join the class

          C.  When a student must leave the Do Jang during training, he should first receive permission from the instructor, unless other instructions were given at the start of the class.

          D.  Students should reply with "Yes", "No", or "Yes, Sir", or "No, Sir".  The terms Yeh, Yup, Nope, Etc. should never be used (this includes outside the Do Chang).

          E.  Whenever the Master Instructor is holding class, no student will approach him directly.  Approach the senior ranking member and ask him permission first,

          F.  All instructors, assistant instructors, and black belts arte to be addressed as Mr., Miss., Ms., or Mrs., as the case may be or as Sir or Ma'am, irrespective of age.  Students are never to call the instructor by the first name.

          G.  No jewelry or chewing gum will be allowed in class.

          H.  When smoking or drinking with the Do Bock on, remove the belt and place it over your neck.

          I.  Never smoke in the presence of the Master Instructor.

          J.  No profanity is allowed in the Do Jang.

          K.  When entering the office of the Master Instructor, knock, bow, and then enter.

4.  For dismissal, students should like up by seniority and rank.  The senior ranking member will call the commands: (a)  Turn to salute the flags.  (b)  Turn to bow to the instructor.

5.  There should be an absence of unnecessary noise in the Do Jang.  Students should remain silent, especially during forms and free-fighting.

6.  Great importance should be attached to salutation.  It is an integral part of TaeKwon-Do.  While training one should treat with esteem, and pay respect to one's instructors, senior members, and opponents.  One should not lose prudence, self-control, patience, or composition.  Before and after exercises or contests, the participants should turn around, adjust their Do Bocks, and make correct salutation to their opponents or instructor.

7.  While seated on the floor, members should keep proper posture conducive to good health.  Hands should be places on the knees, the back should be straight, and legs should be crossed in front.

8.  Members should exercise care to keep their Do Bock clean and pressed at all times.  It is important to give a good impression of our art, and a neat appearance is important in this respect.  A high degree of cleanliness should be maintained.  Fingernails and toenails should be clipped and kept short to prevent injury while fighting.

9.  Warm-up exercises should be practiced by members prior to training to prepare the body and mind.  An unprepared body could be strained under the rigorous TaeKwon-Do Exercises.  When training is terminated, students should relax themselves with a series of exercises not to exceed 5-7 minutes, to return to a calm and normal state.

10.  In order to improve in skill, one must learn the basic motions and practice them constantly until they are perfected.  Concentration and hard work must also be expended to learn the various forms.  It should be remembered that all TaeKwon-Do techniques depend on basic motions and forms.  Learn them properly and apply them in your free-fighting.

11.  It should be kept in mind that TaeKwon-Do is a Korean martial art which is the most superior of its kind.  Students should take pride in using Korean terminology at all times.  Other foreign terminology should be avoided.

12.  It is absolutely essential that members attend class regularly if they are to become proficient in TaeKwon-Do.  It is a fact that members who are not regular in class attendance show inferior techniques as well as lack or discipline.  As a result of this they become frustrated and attribute their lack or proficiency to the instructor, be he the Master or another.  It is, therefore, advantageous to all members to attend class regularly.  The Center wishes to fulfill its obligations to all its members, but must have the members' full cooperation.  Therefore, it cannot be urged to strongly that members make every effort to avail themselves of the opportunity to train regularly.

13.  Failure to comply with the above stated rules could result in:

     A.  Dismissal from class.

     B.  Period of probation.

     C.  Loss of rank.

     D.  Loss of rank and suspension.

Explanations of Tenets


TaeKwon-Do students should attempt to practice the following elements of courtesy to build up their noble character and to conduct the training in an orderly manner as well.

  • To promote the spirit or mutual concessions
  • To be ashamed of one's vises, contempting those of others
  • To be polite to one another
  • To encourage the sense of justice and humanity
  • To distinguish instructor from student, senior from junior, and elder from younger
  • To behave oneself according to etiquette
  • To respect others' possessions
  • To handle matters with fairness and sincerity
  • To refrain from giving or accepting any gift when in doubt



In TaeKwon-Do, the word integrity assumes a looser definition than the one usually presented in Webster's dictionary.  One must be able to define right and wrong and have the conscience, if wrong, to feel guilt.  Listed are some examples, where integrity is lacking.

  • The instructor who misrepresents himself and his art by presenting improper techniques to his students because of a lack of knowledge or apathy.
  • The student who misrepresents himself by "fixing" materials before demonstrations
  • The instructor who camouflages bad techniques with luxurious training halls and false flattery to his students
  • The student who request rank from an instructor, or attempts to purchase it
  • The student who gains rank for ego purposes or the feeling of power
  • The instructor that teaches and promotes his art for materialistic gains.
  • The student whose actions do not live up to his words.
  • The student who feels ashamed to seek opinions from his juniors.



There is an old Oriental saying "Patience leads to virtue or merit", "One can make a peaceful home by being patient for 100 times".  Certainly, happiness and prosperity are most likely brought to the patient person.  To achieve something, whether it is a higher degree or the perfection of a technique, one must set his goal, and then constantly persevere.  Robert Bruce learned his lesson of perseverance from the persistent efforts of a lowly spider.  It was this perseverance and tenacity that finally enabled him to free Scotland in the fourteenth century.  One of the most important secrets in becoming a leader of TaeKwon-Do is to overcome every difficulty by perseverance.  Confucius said: "one who is impatient in trivial matters can seldom achieve success in matters of great importance".


This tenet is extremely important inside and outside the do jang, whether conducting oneself in free sparring or in one's personal affairs.  A loss of self-control in free sparring can prove disastrous to both student and opponent.  An inability to live and work within one's capability or sphere is also a lack of self-control.  According to Lao-tzu, "the term of stronger is the person who wins over oneself rather than someone else".


"Here lie 300, who did their duty", a simple epitaph for one of the greatest acts of courage known to mankind.  Although facing the superior forces of Xerxes, Leonidas and his 300 Spartans at Thermopylae showed the world the meaning of indomitable spirit.  It is shown when a courageous person and his principles are pitted against overwhelming odds.  A serious student of TaeKwon-Do will at all times be modest and honest.  If confronted with injustice, he will deal with the belligerent without any fear or hesitation at all with indomitable spirit, regardless of who-so-ever and however many the number may be.  Confucius declared, "it is an act of cowardice to fail to speak out against injustice".  As history has proven those who have pursued their dreams earnestly and strenuously with indomitable spirit have never failed to achieve their goals.

Ingredients of TaeKwon-Do








The Korean Flag


The flag of "Tae Kook" is the Korean Flag.  "Tae Kook" means "the origin of all things in the universe".  The horizontal "S" divides the circle in the center of the flag into portions of red and blue.  These red and blue portions symbolize the Um and Yang theory of eternal duality that exists within nature (e.g., heaven and earth' light and darkness; hot and cold; being and not being).  In science, this theory can be represented with the symbols "+" and "-".  These dualities exist as a principle of the universe.

The four "Gye" (bar designs) in the corners of the flag are based on the UM and Yang principle of light and darkness.  The locations of these Gye represent the four points of the compass.  Ee-Gye in the lower left corner indicates dawn and early sunlight as the sun rises in the east.  Kun-Gye in the upper left represents bright sunshine when the sun is in the south.  Kam Gye in the upper right corner symbolizes twilight as the sun moves to the west.  Kon-Gye in the lower right indicates total darkness when the sun is in the north.  Together, these symbols express the mysteries of the universe.

Counting in Korean

HanaOne Yul HanaEleven SamulTwenty
DoolTwo Yul DoolTwelve Suh RuenThirty
SetThree Yul SetThirteen MaheunForty
NetFour Yul NetFourteen ShiunFifty
TasaFive Yul TasaFifteen YeisoonSixty
YasutSix Yul YasutSixteen IlhoonSeventy
IkopSeven Yul IkopSeventeen YeoduhnEighty
YadulEight Yul YadulEighteen AhuhnNinety
AhopNine Yul AhopNineteen BaekOne Hundred

Interpretation of Patterns

Pattern        KihapsInterpretationMovements
Chon-Ji                17 & 19Means literally, "The Heaven, The Earth".  It is in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, this is the initial pattern played by the beginner.  This pattern consists of two similar parts: one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.19


Dan-Gun               8 & 17Is named after the Holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 B.C.21


Do-San                  6 & 24Is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938) who devoted his entire life to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.24


Won-Hyo             12 & 26Was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D.28


Yul-Gok               23 & 36Is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea".  The 38 movements of the pattern refer to his birthplace on the 38th latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".38


Joong-Gun          12 & 32Is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Japanese Governor-General of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger.  There are 32 movements in the pattern to represent Mr. Ahn's age when he was executed at Lui-Shung prison (1910).32


Toi-Gye               21 & 37Is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th Century), an authority on neo-Confucianism.  The 37 movements refer to his birthplace on the 37th latitude, the diagram represents "scholar"37


Hwa-Rang            14 & 29Is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century.  This eventually became the actual driving force for the unification of the three kingdoms of Korea.  The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity.29


Choong-Moo         9 & 30Was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty.  He was reputed to have invented the first armored battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine.  The reason why this pattern ends up with the left hand attack is to symbolize his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the King. 30

Belt Interpretations

White Belt means a student is pure or without knowledge  of TaeKwon-Do.

Yellow Belt symbolizes that the student, likened o that of a seed, is beginning to see the sunlight.

Green Belt represents a seedling just beginning to grow.

Blue Belt designates that the young plant is reaching towards the sky.

Red Belt signifies danger.  The student has good technical knowledge but still lacks control and discipline.

Black Belt... there are nine degrees of the black belt.  Symbolizes the coming together of all previous color belts, and all grade knowledge to form a degree.

Commonly Asked Questions about Taekwon-Do

Who is the founder of TaeKwon-Do?   General Choi

When was TaeKwon-Do founded?     April 11, 1955

What is the purpose of free sparring?     Reflex reaction training

What are the bars on the Korean Flag called?    Gye Bars

What are the colors on the Korean Flag?     Um (red) and Yang (blue)

What does I.T.F. stand for?     International TaeKwon-Do Federation (the governing body of Taekwon-Do

What does N.A.T.A. stand for?     North American TaeKwon-Do Association

Who is the head of N.A.T.A.?     Grand Master Yu (9th Dan)

What are the meanings of the patterns about?     Great people and places in Korean history

What does Taekwon-Do mean?     Feet, Hands and Knowledge

What are patterns?     A series of offensive and defensive movements performed against imaginary targets to a set form.

What is a gup?     Color belt rank

What is a Dan?     Degrees of Black Belt

How do you say "Thank You" in Korean?     Kamsahamnida

When was the I.T.F. created?  March 22, 1966

Who is Duk Sung Son?     The person who also took credit for the name of TaeKwon-Do (12/19/1955)

What styles merged to create Taekwon-Do?     Chung Do Kwon, Moo Duk Kwan, Yun Moo Kwon and Oh Do Kwon

What is our style of patterns called?    Chang Hyung Style.

Korean Terminology

KoreanEnglish Korean English
SabumInstructor TaekukKorean Flag
Cha RyotAttention MatsogiSparring
JunbiReady HyungForms
Kyong YeBow TulPattern
Ba RoReturn to Ready Ilbo MatsogiOne-Step Sparring
Si JakBegin Hosin SulSelf Defense
GumanStop JirugiPunching
SwimyoAt Ease ChagiKick
ShuRest Apcha BusigiFront Snap Kick
Hae SanDismiss Yopcha JirugiSide Piercing Kick
GupGrade Dollyo ChagiTurning Kick
DanDegree Twimyo ChagiFlying Kick
Do BokUniform Twigi ChagiJumping Kick
TiBelt Dwit ChagiBack Kick
Do JangTraining Hall Gokaeng-I ChagiPick Shape Kick (ax)
Twimyo Yopcha JirugiFlying Side Piercing Kick Banal ChagiCrescent Kick
Golcho ChagiHooking Kick MakgiBlocking
Bandae Dollyo GorochagiReverse Hooking Kick Najunde MakgiLow Block
SogiStance Chookyo MakgiRising Block
Gunnun SogiWalking Stance Kaunde MakgiMiddle Block
Niunja SogiL-Stance Sonkal MakgiKnife Hand Block
Annun SogiSitting Stance Anapalmonk MakgiInner Forearm Block
Narani Junbi SogiParallel Ready Stance